These recommendations pertain to PVC duct installed below raised floors and in or under a concrete slab. PVC duct conforming to the specifications contained herein shall not be used in exposed applications. PVC duct pipe and BlackMax® fittings shall be joined using the manufacturer's recommended adhesive,* or an approved equal.
PVC duct shall be laid on level earthen surfaces. Large gaps under the pipe shall be filled with selected backfill material, free of sharp rocks or masonry material. Blocking under the pipe to achieve a level laying condition shall also consist of select backfill material. Do not use brick, rock or any other similar material to support or level duct runs.
Using the duct plan supplied by the builder, place the register boot boxes** at the locations designated on the plan and secure them to the stem wall to prevent movement during duct installation and backfill.
After the boxes are securely located, duct pipe and fittings can be laid from the boxes to the air source or plenum. PVC duct pipe and fittings shall be joined, utilizing a heavy bodied, slow setting PVC cement. Cement shall be applied to both pipe and fitting surfaces to insure a leak proof joint. Black to white connections shall be joined using the manufacturer's recommended adhesive,* or approved equal. Plastic fittings do not require concrete encasement.
A minimum of three (3) sheet metal or plastic screws shall be run through the pipe and fitting walls to prevent movement of the joint during the installation and backfill. Screws shall be located preferably at the top circumference of the pipe to provide maximum joint integrity. Screw heads shall be covered with PVC cement or one of the recommended sealants.
When duct runs and fittings installation is complete, and the duct is connected to the plenum. It is recommended that a flanged PVC start collar be used to effect this connection. The flanged start collar shall be securely fastened to the wall of the plenum, utilizing PVC cement. It is recommended that screws be used to hold the start collar in place during installation. PVC duct pipe shall be inserted inside the start collar, using PVC primer, cement, and screws to effect the connection.
A visual inspection shall now be conducted to determine that all joints and fittings are secure and properly located. Metal or wood construction stakes shall be driven into firm ground adjacent to duct runs, in locations that will prevent lateral movement and floating of duct and fittings. This staking is essential and if properly located will prevent lateral movement when backfill material is mechanically unloaded.
Sand, gravel or other select backfill material shall be employed to cover all duct and fittings. Normal site conditions allow duct and fittings to be completely covered by backfill material, however, in some cases the duct pipe will extend upward into the bottom of the slab. No special precautions need be employed in this instance, as PVC pipe and plastic fittings are sufficiently rigid to withstand the loading of the concrete. Backfill shall be accomplished by hand spreading or by light machinery (Bob Cat type). When machinery is used, care shall be exercised to prevent such machinery from direct contact with duct and fittings. Particular care shall be employed to insure that the connections and duct at the plenum are fully supported by backfill material. Tops on plastic boots** shall be left intact until grilles are installed.
Raised floor installations for supports and insulation as per local code recommendations.
General Plastics BlackMax® and PVC products may also be used for Exhaust, Ventilation, Combustion, Make-Up air, and Products Transfer, as per local codes recommendations.
May Also be used as extensions
Note: 18-24" PVC Pipe must be beveled on ends for fittings.
Plenum Boxes; cracks or holes in PVC plenums can be field repaired with oversized pieces of PVC materials and IPS Primer, and 719 Adhesive, or approved equals, with screws to hold in place.
For BlackMax® To PVC
IPS Weld-On 600
and L-Bar Hangers
For PVC & Plenums
IPS Weld-On 719 PVC
IPS Weld-On P-70 Primer
Clear or Purple
(Use first as primer for IPS Weld-On 719)
Average Initial set schedule
|For WELD-ON PVC/CPVC Solvent Cements**|
PVC Pipe; same size pipe can be cut and used as overlays with IPS Primer and 719 adhesive, or approved equals, with screws to hold in place.
|IPS 719 WELD-ON CEMENT & PRIMER||FOR PVC TO PVC & PLENUMS|
|JOINTS PER QUART||30||20||10||6||4||3||2||1||4-Mar||2-Jan|
|IPS 719 (PVC TO PVC & PLENUMS)|
|TOTAL JOINTS PER SIZE||______||______||______||______||______||______||______||______||______||______|
|TOTAL QUARTS PER SIZE||______||______||______||______||______||______||______||______||______||______|
|TOTAL QUARTS W719Q ______|
|CONVERT TO GALLONS|
|TOTAL GALLONS W719G ______|
|PURPLE PRIMER = 1/2 OF ADHESIVE|
|TOTAL QUARTS PRIMER WP70QP______|
|TOTAL GALLONS PRIMER WP70GP_____|
|IPS 600 WELD-ON CEMENT||FOR BLACK TO PVC|
|PIPE TO BLACK FITTING SIZE||4"||6"||8"||10"|
|JOINTS PER QUART||30||20||10||6|
|IPS 600 (BLACK TO PVC)|
|TOTAL JOINTS PER SIZE||______||______||______||______|
|TOTAL QUARTS PER SIZE||______||______||______||______|
|TOTAL QUARTS W600Q ______|
|SUREBOND EVERSEAL CARTRIDGE SB190|
|SB190 (SADDLE BOOTS TO PVC)||FOR BLACKMAX® SADDLE BOOTS TO PVC PIPE||AND L-BARS TO BLACKMAX® BOOT BOXES|
|NUMBER OF SADDLE BOOTS TO PIPE___|
|( 4 BOOTS PER CARTRIDGE )|
|L-BARS TO STEM WALLS AND BOOTS___|
|( 40 L-BARS PER CARTRIDGE )|
|TOTAL CARTRIDGES SB190 ______|